Did you enjoy Snakes & Ladders in childhood, then why not Equities?
In our childhood, we all enjoyed Snakes and Ladders. Snakes and Ladders is a board game with 100 blocks numbered 1 to 100. Pointer is placed at 1st block. To win the game, one has to roll a dice to reach 100th block. Few Blocks in between have ladders and a few have snakes. Ladders help to skip multiple blocks and jump to a higher number. Snakes throw the pointer back to lower numbered block. But if one plays long enough, he would reach his goal i.e. 100th Block.
We can draw an exact analogy in Equities. Markets are always volatile, going from new high to lows and lows to new highs. But what we believe is, if we hang around in equities for long term, we would certainly reach our goal.
Why do we say that?
See the following table:
(Source: BSE Sensex; HDFC MF)
If we see rolling returns of Sensex since 1992, 1 year rolling returns are too volatile and have 28% loss making probability. So equity returns are negative approximately once in every 3 years. However, if we see 3 years and 5 years rolling returns, probability of a loss declines to 17% and 19%. It means if we stay invested for 3 years or 5 years, probably we will lose money only once in five such periods. But if we see results for 10 Years – 12 Years – 15 Years rolling returns, we would notice that probability of loss was ‘zero’. It means in any 10/12/15 years period, we wouldn’t have lost money in equities. Isn’t it an eye opening statistic?
We may have taken Index as an investment option held across cycle, which may not be the best portfolio combination. But at the same time, many stocks would have gone to ‘zero’. Though we have shown some median returns too, but we do not believe same returns can be considered going forward. The whole point of illustrating statistics is not to agree or challenge the returns but determine that odds are more favourable in long term investing.
Similar to Snakes and Ladders, Equities may make a loss or windfall gain in some years. But when several years are clubbed it will result in mouth-watering returns. We have to be rational and play the game long enough to reach the goal of equity investing. Most investors don’t stay invested in equities beyond 2 years. It would be wrong to judge potential of equities in such small time periods as even the statistics suggest. We therefore insist to stay invested in equities for longer term and enjoy the benefits of it.